First published on Fri 23 Oct 2015 11.21 EDT, A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z. y or ie?As a general rule: -y is an English suffix, whose function is to create an adjective (usually from a noun, eg creamy); -ie was originally a Scottish suffix, whose function is to add the meaning of “diminutive” (usually from a noun, eg beastie). And for those ranges, don’t forget to take the spaces out from either side of the dash. Dashes. Use an en dash: To indicate a range of numbers, such as inclusive values, dates, or pages. Frequent field trips, audiovisual instruction, a mentor program with industry professionals—these are additional dimensions. Thu 31 Dec 2015 11.50 EST. A few examples:Papworth hospitalPapworth hospital NHS foundation trust (if you want to give the full name), Papworth hospital NHS trust (normal style on first mention), the trust (subsequent mentions).Blackpool teaching hospitals NHS trustColchester hospital university NHS trustNorth Essex partnership university NHS trustSheffield children’s NHS trustSouth Devon healthcare NHS trust, hotelsa hotel not “an”; do not cap up “hotel”: the Dorchester, the Ritz, the Grand hotel, Brighton, etc (but don’t be silly and lowercase Hotel California), houseboat, housebreaker, housebuyer, householder, housekeeper, househusband, housewifeshould be used with care; avoid sexist stereotyping such as lower food prices being “good news for housewives” (it’s good news for shoppers), House Un-American Activities Committee (Huac)anti-communist investigating body of the House of Representatives, often associated with “McCarthyism”, although Joseph McCarthy was in fact head of the Senate permanent subcommittee on investigations. Follow the style guide on Twitter: @guardianstyle Just as we would in copy, we need to take care with words such as debacle, farce and fiasco, especially when combined, which we contrived to do in the headline “Hips fiasco descends into farce”– the fact that “Hips farce descends into fiasco” would work just as well tells you something is probably wrong here. Guardian and Observer style guide: H ‘The chief virtue that language can have is clearness, and nothing detracts from it so much as the use of unfamiliar words.’ Hippocrates ... John Dryden • Follow the style guide on Twitter: @guardianstyle. Hyphen when used adjectivally: a half-eaten sandwich; a half-cut subeditor; half-time oranges. As always, the most important thing is to think of the readers and remember that we are writing headlines for their benefit, not for our own amusement or to show how clever we are. There are three types of dashes: Em Dash The em dash, the longest of the three, is used to set off parenthetical matter. Use the facility provided by your authoring tool to insert the correct dash (em or en). A historic event is notable, a historical event simply something that happened in the past. Lady Young of Old Sconeformer chief executive of the Environment Agency and the Care Quality Commission, appointed chancellor of Cranfield University in 2010. There is no try.’ Yoda• Follow the style guide on Twitter: @guardianstyle, Fri 23 Oct 2015 11.21 EDT Dashes and hyphens aren't interchangeable. A light touch can work beautifully: “Drop dead, gorgeous”, on a story about office jealousy, added one comma to a well-known film title to create the perfect headline. hyphensOur style is to use one word wherever possible. Don’t say “no campaigners” or “no vote campaigners” as this can be ambiguous, yesterdayGive some thought to where you place the time element in a story: do not automatically put it at the start (“David Cameron yesterday insisted ... “), a style satirised by the subeditor turned bestselling author Bill Bryson, who wrote: “Anyone not acquainted with journalists could be forgiven for assuming that they must talk something like this: I last night went to bed early because I this morning had to catch an early flight.”. historic or historical?A historic event is notable, a historical event simply something that happened in the past. hovepast tense and past participle of heave used in a nautical context, literally or metaphorically (they hove into view, hove up the anchor and hove alongside); so do not write, for example, “Woods and Mickelson had only to hove into view” (should be heave) or “Sweeney Todd now hoves into view” (should be heaves). Em dashes. Our mission is to provide a news and information service which helps the UK journalism. This is the guide to writing, editing and English usage followed by journalists at the Guardian, Observer and theguardian.com.Edited by David … In the UX Writing Hub’s training program, we have a module dedicated solely to content style guides. high net worth individualclassification used by the financial services industry. Follow Collins when a word or phrase is not listed. Terms such as yesterday, today, tonight and tomorrow should not be used on the website: if you need to specify, say “on Wednesday”, etc. Wed 23 Dec 2015 08.20 EST. Also use hyphens where not using one would be ambiguous, eg to distinguish “black-cab drivers come under attack” from “black cab-drivers come under attack”. Take care over ambiguity: “Landmine claims dog UK arms firm”, which appeared in the paper, contains so many successive nouns, some of which may or may not be verbs, that you have to read it several times to work out what it means. “Wire-less” and “down-stairs” were once hyphenated, and some old-fashioned souls still hyphenate e-mail. style to check the house style guide are not on the face of it very likely to be much interested in style at all. The exceptions to this are proper nouns, including: 1. departments (specific government departments - see below) 2. the Civil Service, with lower case for ‘the’ 3. specific job titles 4. titles like Mr, Mrs, Dr, the Duke of Cambridge (the duke at second mention); Pope Francis, but the pope 5. The em dash can also be used to introduce a summary: 1. Puns are fine – “Where there’s muck there’s bras”, about a farmer’s wife who started a lingerie business from a barn, was voted headline of the year by our staff – but do not overuse, or resort to tired puns such as “flushed with success” (this story has got a plumber in it). Below are the main ways to use an unspaced em dash. If your authoring tool does not support dashes, use two hyphens. The guidance from editor-in-chief Katherine Viner is being shared broadly. A missing hyphen in a review of Chekhov’s Three Sisters led us to refer to “the servant abusing Natasha”, rather than “the servant-abusing Natasha”. Question marks are also to be avoided, as are quotation marks, unless essential to signify a quote or for legal reasons. Key: Use in ranges of numbers and dates, in negative numbers, and as a minus sign. The boy is six and a half but a six-and-a-half-year-old boy, Halléorchestra founded in Manchester by Karl Hallé in 1857, normally referred to as simply “the Hallé”, Hambrosformer British bank, now SG Hambros Bank, the private banking division of Société Générale, Hamed, Prince Naseemformer boxer; Hamed at second mention, Hamilton Academicalnot Academicals; nickname the Accies, handbill, handbook, handbuilt, handheld, handmade, handoutno hyphens, handicappedshould not be used to refer to people with disabilities or learning difficulties, hanged, hungthe woman was found hanged; the sheet was hung out to dry, hanging participlesAn unfortunate example from a leading article in the paper: “Due out in January as a white paper, Ms Kelly may be unable to overcome Mr Blair’s apparent determination to stick with A-levels ... “, hara-kiriknown less vulgarly in Japan as seppuku, hardcoreone word, whether noun or adjective and whether you are talking about music, rubble, a hardcore of rebels or hardcore pornography, hardlineadjective, hard line, hardliner nouns, hare lipnever use: say cleft lip or cleft palate, Hargeisanot Hargeysa; capital of Somaliland, an autonomous region of Somalia, Haringeynorth London borough, one ward of which is Harringay, Hariri, Rafikformer prime minister of Lebanon, assassinated in Beirut in 2005, Harper’s BazaarUS fashion magazine marketed as Harper’s Bazaar UK in Britain, where it was known as Harpers & Queen from 1970 to 2006, Harpers Bizarre60s US harmony group and exponents of “cotton candy rock”, named after the magazine, havena haven is by definition a place of safety, so you really do not need to call it a “safe haven”, haverwidely used to mean hesitate, but in some places (notably Scotland) means to talk nonsense, Haverfordwestin south-west Wales, not “Haverford West” as we managed to say, Havisham, Miss(not Haversham) in Dickens’ Great Expectations, Hawk-Eye(not Hawkeye) tracks the ball in cricket and tennis, Hay festivalthe former Guardian Hay festival, which takes place at Hay-on-Wye, is now sponsored by the Daily Telegraph, Hayat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS)Al-Qaida-linked group in Syria formerly known as al-Nusra Front, hazard or risk?Scientists use hazard to mean a potential for harm and risk to mean the actual probability of harm occurring; though headline writers may feel more at home with risk than hazard, the distinction is worth bearing in mind, HBOS(not HBoS) created in 2001 by the merger of Halifax and Bank of Scotland, head-buttbut butt should normally suffice, headdress, headhunter, headroombut head-on, headed or heading?The former is most commonly used as past tense (“we headed for the exit”) and the latter as present participle (“we are heading in the right direction”); try not to mix them up – “we are headed in the right direction” sounds inelegant at best. The Guardian and Observer Style Guide Edited by David Marsh and Amelia Hodsdon, this is the online version of Guardian Style. So: at first mention David Cameron, Harriet Harman, Sir Richard Branson, Lady Warsi, Prof John Wells, Dr Bill Bailey, the Rev George Herbert; thereafter Mr Cameron, Ms Harman, Sir Richard, Lady Warsi, Prof Wells, Dr Bailey, Mr Herbert, etc. There are exceptions (a hippy, an indie band), but where specific examples are not given, use -ie for nouns and -y for adjectives, Yangonnot Rangoon, and not the capital of Myanmar; that is Naypyidaw, Yar’Adua, Umarupresident of Nigeria from 2007, when he succeeded Olusegun Obasanjo, to his death in 2010, yearwrite 2012, not “the year 2012”; for a span of years use hyphen thus: 2011-12, not 2011/12. We claimed that Millwall fans sing “No one likes us and we don’t care”; they don’t sing that, and the mistake made it look as if we don’t care. Words such as chatroom, frontbench, gameplan, housebuyer and standup are all one word in our publications, as are thinktank (not a tank that thinks), longlist (not necessarily a long list) and shortlist (which need not be short). In the 1970s and 80s the Guardian suffered from a reputation for excruciating puns; today, we want to be known for clever, original and witty headlines. In other contexts, use heaved: she heaved a sigh of relief as he heaved the weapon away. Lady Young of Farnwortha former Tory leader of the Lords and staunch defender of section 28, died in 2002, The Young Visiters(not Visitors) novel by the Victorian child author Daisy Ashford, filmed by the BBC in 2003, yuanChinese currency; we don’t call it renminbi, Available for everyone, funded by readers. As always, use common sense: in a story where two people have the same name (eg a court case about a husband and wife or brothers), it may be necessary to use Mr and Mrs or Ms, or forenames. “Book lack in Ongar”, about a shortage of resources in Essex libraries, remains one of the all-time great headlines, but it only works if you get the reference to John Osborne’s 1956 play Look Back in Anger (or at least it did until Oasis helpfully recorded a song called Don’t Look Back in Anger). 5 Style Guides Every Man Should Know. There is no magic formula but here are a few guidelines. Em dashes. “Talkin’ about their generation”, from a classic 1960s song by the Who, fails as a headline because it literally lacks rhythm (it should be “Talkin’ ‘bout”). Use em dashes (—) to set off amplifying, explanatory, and digressive elements in sentences. ... From Chapter 5, 'Punctuation' 5.2 Dashes. Use active verbs where possible, particularly in news headlines: “Editor updates style guidelines” is much better than “Style guidelines updated”. Survivors, particularly adults who were abused as children, feel the term undermines the long-lasting impact of the crimes. Constructions such as “the two sides were today to consider”, as we have been known to say, sound ugly and artificial. They can be historic (“Man walks on Moon”), campaigning (“He lied and lied and lied”), classical (“Between Cilla and Charybdis”), subtle (“Flo quiets the Dons”), funny (“Super Caley go ballistic – Celtic are atrocious”), notorious (“Gotcha!”), scurrilous (“Zip me up before you go-go”), or downright absurd (“Freddie Starr ate my hamster”). Don’t add spaces around an em dash. So in most cases, where there is dispute over whether a noun takes a -y or an -ie ending, the correct answer is -ie: she’s a girly girl, but she’s no helpless girlie. Depending on the context, the em dash can take the place of commas, parentheses, or colons⁠—in each case to slightly different effect.. 11 Oct 0. Note that swegway is a lowercase generic term, while some of the many brands of board include SwegWay, Swagway, iSwegway etc, Howards Endby EM Forster: no apostrophe; Howards’ Way (vintage BBC TV series) had one, humanity, humankindnot man, mankind See gender issues, humerusbone; humorous funnyThe “funny bone” is the ulnar nerve, which like the humerus is in your arm. There is no need to use hyphens with most compound adjectives, where the meaning is clear and unambiguous without: civil rights movement, financial services sector, work inspection powers, etc. In news stories particularly we should use an honorific if it sounds jarring or insensitive not to do so – for example, a woman whose son has been killed on active duty in Iraq should be “Mrs Smith” and not “Smith”. 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guardian style guide dashes

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